Electricity Project

What is it All About?

De-mystify the “magic” of electric circuits, magnetism, motors and electronics. From building burglar alarms to learning how to select a good stereo and other consumer items. This project offers opportunities for hands-on experiences and knowledge you will use in the future. Experience technology firsthand while learning communication and decision-making skills.

Grow in Your Project


  • Learn about safety and equipment used in working with electricity
  • Identify tools and parts used in working with electricity
  • Wire a simple circuit
  • Build a compass
  • Build a flashlight
  • Construct a simple switch
  • Build an electric motor


  • Work with electrical equipment and tools
  • Build and test circuits
  • Measure circuit voltage
  • Develop a basic electrical tool and supply kit
  • Locate your home wiring system
  • Make simple electrical repairs


  • Research the influence of electricity on society
  • Identify electrical and electronic parts and devices
  • Learn how to solder and prepare parts for assembly
  • Assemble a circuit using a transistor


Take Your Project Further!

  • Take a field trip to your local power plant or electric cooperative
  • Explore fields of study and careers in electricity
  • Plan and conduct an electric quiz bowl or skill-a-thon
  • Contact your local power supplier for educational opportunities
  • Visit a local electrician
  • Visit a coal preparation plant to see how coal is processed for use by utility plants
  • Research the history of energy consumption in American homes
  • Host an electrical bingo game for your club

Applying Project Skills to Life

Enhance Your Communication Skills

  • Create a video about how to build a compass
  • Make a poster about closed and open circuits
  • Give a speech about the history of electricity
  • Demonstrate how to communicate in Morse Code
  • Give a speech about electrical safety to your school class, local community group or 4-H club

Get Involved in Citizenship and Service

  • Check friend’s or relatives’ homes for any electricity hazards
  • Conduct an appliance survey
  • Do simple repairs for neighbors and friends

Learn about Leadership

  • Organize a safety workshop
  • Plan, conduct and participate in an electric quiz bowl
  • Teach an electricity workshop

Showing What You’ve Learned

  • Build an electronic game board on the basic symbols used in electronic diagrams
  • Make a display about basic electrical tools and parts and what they are used for
  • Give a presentation on how electricity is produced
  • Make a poster on ways to conserve energy use
  • Build a homemade flashlight
  • Create a simple switch
  • Build a circuit with two batteries and a light bulb
  • Build an electromagnet, galvanometer or compass
  • Create circuit diagrams with explanations
  • Display a soldered connection
  • Create a display of light bulbs and the jobs they do best
  • Create a poster on how to read an appliance nametag
  • Develop a chart showing the electrical usage of appliances
  • Create a poster on how to replace a switch
  • Build a diode or transistor
  • Build a 6- to 8-watt amplifier with an integrated

Adapted with permission from Wyoming State 4-H, Project Information Sheet, Electricity. Retrieved from: https://www.uwyo.edu/4-h/projects/science-technology/electricity.html.

*Resources available at your local Extension office or shop4-H.org.

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